Endometriosis and Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) is one of the most popular gynecological problems discussed in the reproductive health field.
Although they are two very different diseases, they can have similar symptoms and are often tossed around in the same conversations, confusing them with one another. Knowing the difference between the two will give you a clearer understanding of potential reproductive health issues, what symptoms to look out for, and how to stand up for yourself when talking to a health care provider.
Let’s clear the confusion once and for all and find out what the difference between endometriosis and PCOS is.
How are PCOS and endometriosis similar?
Although this is very rare, it is possible to have both states at the same time.
Both disorders are difficult to pinpoint, and sometimes people have symptoms for years before a proper diagnosis.
Although they are different conditions, they can have some similarities or overlaps.
- Irregular periods: Both disorders can cause irregular periods or blotches between cycles. This is more common in people with PCOS.
- Heavy bleeding: When people with these disorders have their periods, it can cause extremely heavy bleeding. This is not the case with all.
- Fertility Problems: Both diseases can cause heartbreaking difficulties in getting pregnant. In the case of PCOS, the body does not ovulate regularly, which means less chance of conception. While tissue damage from endometriosis can make conception difficult or lead to infertility.
- Mood swings: People with any type of chronic illness, especially one that can cause extreme pain and fertility problems, are at higher risk for mental health problems or mood swings. In people with PCOS, this may be more due to hormonal imbalances, while in people with endometriosis, it may be more due to chronic pain.
How are PCOS and endometriosis different?
The causes of PCOS and endometriosis are very different.
While the exact cause of Endometriosis is unknown, it develops when the lining of the uterus, endometrium, grows outside of it. Tissues are then trapped in the pelvic area and abdomen, causing scars and lesions.
The biggest symptom associated with endometriosis is pain. Excruciating cramps and pain during menstruation, which may or may not occur regularly. This pain can be incapable and also cause nausea and vomiting. People with endometriosis may also experience pelvic pain before and during their periods, as well as during bowel movements, sex, and urination. They can also have stomach cramps as well as pelvic pain during their daily life.
PCOSOn the other hand, it is a hormonal disorder in which the ovaries and adrenal glands produce excess male hormones like testosterone. This imbalance in hormones triggers the menstrual cycle and results in sporadic periods that occur every few months to only a few times a year. When people with PCOS menstruate, their periods can be long, heavy, and painful.
These hormonal imbalances can also lead to acne and excessive facial and body hair, which is typically dark and natural. People are most likely to grow it on their chin, upper lip, neck, back, abdomen, and chest. Increased insulin production can also lead to excessive weight gain. Your symptoms can appear as soon as they occur First period.
Which is more common?
Endometriosis affects an estimated one 10% to 15% by women and people with a vagina who are of childbearing age. For the same population group PCOS affects between 4% -12% of people.
While endometriosis is more common, or at least more often diagnosed, both remain two of the most common gynecological diseases.
What are the differences in treatment?
The first treatment for both disorders is usually hormonal contraceptionThis can help regulate people’s cycles and make their periods more manageable. It’s important to note that most birth controls by suppressing ovulation just because someone is on a regular cycle doesn’t mean it will help with fertility problems.
PCOS is usually treated symptomatically and treated with lifestyle changes such as diet, exercise, and supplements, as well as other forms of Hormone therapy.
Endometriosis can also be treated with pain relievers during menstruation. cannabis It has also been shown to not only be helpful in managing pain, but it may also prevent endometriosis from progressing. In severe cases, surgical removal of the excess endometrial lining and the possibility of an a may be required hysterectomy, which may or may not include removal of the ovaries. There are also helpful tools available for people who have endometriosis pain during sex.
For the treatment of both conditions, it is important to choose a healthy lifestyle in terms of diet, exercise, and supplements. People can also get relief from holistic health care providers and treatments like that acupuncture.
How to get help
If you suspect you have endometriosis or PCOS, first contact your provider. Be as detailed as possible when discussing your symptoms, including your bathroom habits and sex life. If you are able to track your periods and symptoms over the course of a few months, it is helpful to have this information on hand when looking for a treatment.