Plantar Fasciitis: Symptoms, Causes, and Treatments
Heel pain can be triggered by a number of different causes. A common cause of heel pain in adults is plantar fasciitis. If you feel stabbing pain when you get up in the morning, you may have plantar fasciitis. Plantar fasciitis occurs when the plantar fascia, a thick, web-like band that connects your heel to the front of your foot, is inflamed.
Our plantar fascia ligaments wear out in our daily activities. But too much pressure on our feet can tear these ligaments. When our plantar fascia becomes inflamed, it can lead to heel pain known as plantar fasciitis.
If you have pain in the bottom of your heel, read on as the professionals at Watsonia Podiatry provide the symptoms, causes, and appropriate treatments for plantar fasciitis.
What are their symptoms?
Most people complain of pain in their heels. Most of the time it can only affect one foot, but there are cases where it can affect both feet as well.
Plantar fasciitis is usually worse in the morning when you get out of bed. You can also feel it after sitting for a while and then getting up again. But the pain subsides after 15 to 30 minutes, then it can come and go throughout the day. The pain may break out even with prolonged activity due to increased irritation or inflammation.
What causes plantar fasciitis?
A few factors are known including age, weight, pregnancy, type of activity, structural foot problems, tight Achilles tendons, or even the type of shoes you wear.
Plantar fasciitis is common in older adults. Most at risk are men and women between the ages of 40 and 70, who are at the highest risk of developing plantar fasciitis and who are active. But between the sexes, plantar fasciitis is more common in women than in men to some extent.
Pregnant women are also prone to attacks of plantar fasciitis, particularly during late pregnancy, due to the weight gain during pregnancy.
In addition, if someone is overweight or obese, they are more likely to develop plantar fasciitis. Because of the heavy weight, there is increased pressure in the ligaments of the plantar fascia, especially if you were previously slim but suddenly gained a lot of weight.
Athletes are also more likely to develop plantar fascia problems, especially long distance runners. Overuse is the leading cause of plantar fasciitis in athletes. An increase in stressful activities, especially when running, leads to microtrauma of the plantar fascia.
People with jobs that require them to stand longer or use their feet more often are also prone to plantar fasciitis. This includes those who work in factories, in construction, salespeople in shopping malls, or in restaurant servers. Your plantar fascia becomes more pressurized when you are constantly on your feet and when you carry something heavy on your feet.
People with structural foot problems or people with low or flat arches or high arches are at greater risk of developing plantar fasciitis.
People with narrow calves may pull on their plantar fascia and raise their feet prematurely. The tendons that are attached to your calf muscles, also known as the Achilles tendons, can also put strain on the plantar fascia.
Even the type of shoes you wear can increase your risk of plantar fasciitis, as shoes with soft soles and poor arch support can increase pressure on the plantar fascia. On the other hand, wearing good footwear can reduce the pressure and thus prevent the ligaments of the plantar fascia from rupturing and inflammation.
How can plantar fasciitis be treated?
Most of the people who experience it resort to home treatments like rest, freezing, and the use of braces and anti-inflammatories. If the pain does not go away after all of these measures, you should consult a doctor to properly diagnose your condition and relieve the pain, as plantar fasciitis is a self-limiting condition. In addition, early detection and treatment usually lead to shorter treatment times and an increased likelihood of success in treating this disease.
If you decide to see your doctor, there are a few important things to keep in mind to properly explain your condition to your doctor and so that your doctor can accurately assess your condition. These details include the time you started feeling the pain, the degree of pain, the things you tried to relieve the pain, and the types of activities you do on a daily basis. There are few details, but they are very important to a correct diagnosis and appropriate treatment of your condition by your doctor.
If you have heel pain when you get up in the morning, it is important to speak to a professional. You can visit the experts at Watsonia Podiatry for early diagnosis and treatment.